Are you looking for the best way for going about preventing Traveler’s Diarrhea? The best advice for this common ailment would be that behavior modiﬁcation is the easiest way of preventing this illness.
1) Avoid tap water, ice, fresh fruits and fruit juices, & salads. Buffets, undercooked or incompletely reheated foods, cold toppings and sauces, and unpasteurized dairy products.
2) Travelers should only eat food that is hot and thoroughly cooked, beverages that are bottled, sealed or carbonated and fruits and vegetables that you can peel yourself.
3) Over the counter medications – Bismuth Subsalicylate (Pepto Bismol,& Kaopectate) and Loperamide (Imodium) will help treat the symptoms of diarrhea. Imodium shouldn’t be used by people with a fever or bloody stools, elderly or in children under 2.
4) Good hand washing hygiene also plays an important role in preventing infection.
The best ways to ensure you’re adequately cleansing and sanitizing your hands:
1) While washing hands take sufﬁcient amount of soap, scrub with friction for about 20 seconds prior to rinsing with water.( Recite the ABC or Happy birthday song in your head while scrubbing your hands, these songs take about 20 seconds to sing.)
2) Alcohol based rubs (Purell) may be more effective in killing bacteria over using soap. At least 3-5 ml of rub should be applied to dry hands, rub hands together for 10 – 30 seconds.
Re-Hydration is Crucial
Diarrhea can cause dehydration, hydrating yourself with electrolytes or oral rehydration solution is important. Fluids prepared with oral rehydration salts are commercially available in developing countries. You can also make the solution at home, here is the recipe.
Oral Rehydration Solution:
- 1L puriﬁed water
- 5 ml ( 1teaspoonful) salt
- 40 ml ( 8 teaspoon) sugar